Aquaculture for all

Seafish issues shellfish water quality sampling guidance

Water quality Mussels Oysters +7 more

Guidance and training on how to carry out water quality sampling for mussel and oyster production have been produced by Seafish as part of significant changes to the UK's Official Control Regulations on shellfish.

someone holding a bunch of mussels
Seafish has published new guidance for UK shellfish farmers

A change in regulations during 2022 means that shellfish producers are now able to collect shellfish and water samples provided they are fully trained. © Seafish

Following a change in approach by the Food Standards Agency (FSA) in September 2022, local authorities can now permit shellfish producers to collect shellfish and water samples provided they are fully trained. The changes were implemented as part of a wider work programme initiated by the Shellfish Stakeholder Working Group following a study by Seafish, the public body that supports the UK seafood industry, that identified differences in how EU member states met the Official Control Regulations

Historically, the FSA has delegated responsibility for the collection of water samples to Local Authorities. Industry involvement in sample collection has only been permitted in exceptional circumstances and with explicit FSA permission on a case-by-case basis. The decision on who collects the samples still rests with the Local Authorities, but they are now able to delegate the sampling to a shellfish producer without approval from the FSA.

Aoife Martin, director of operations at Seafish, says: “Bivalve shellfish, such as mussels and oysters, provide an important economic growth area for UK aquaculture, but the sustainability of the industry depends on clean and healthy coastal waters. If water quality is poor, it has a detrimental impact on shellfish production and can compromise market potential. The Official Control Regulations are there to help ensure our shellfish are produced to the highest standards.

“Our report into the Official Control Regulations in 2021 highlighted the feasibility of the regulations delivering a responsive, adaptive and risk-based approach for bivalve production and suggested a package of proposals for how such an approach could be applied in the UK. Subsequently, Seafish has been working with the Food Standard Agency (FSA), Local Authorities and shellfish producers to implement these improvements.”

Guidance and training materials

Seafish has worked with local authorities to develop guidance to support these latest changes to official control sampling. The guidance outlines the processes and considerations required to enable Local Authorities to permit shellfish producers to collect official samples, including the functions that will be delegated and the level of supervision or oversight that will be required.

The guidance also includes an agreement template. This outlines the respective roles of the shellfish producer and the local authority for the collection, processing and transport of live bivalve mollusc samples. these samples are then used in the microbiological and biotoxin monitoring programmes. the agreement template can be adapted to suit the needs of an individual local authority depending on the functions that are being delegated.

Seafish has also developed an Official Control Sampling Training course to ensure that all sampling meets the standards required, regardless of who is doing the sampling. The course will be delivered online by approved external trainers. It is expected that where local authorities choose to delegate the sampling to shellfish producers, completion of this training course will form an essential part of the contractual agreement between the local authority and the sampler. The training course will also be useful to Local Authority Environmental Health Officers. Two courses will take place this autumn with further courses arranged on request.

Shellfish aquaculture producers and local authorities in the UK are being encouraged to read the guidance which is available on the Seafish website:

Download ‘Guidance on the delegation of Official Control sample collection to third parties’ within the Review of Official Control Regulations (OCR) here.

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