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Governments urged to back blue carbon aquaculture initiatives

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Blue carbon solutions, including the production of seaweeds and bivalves, can have a greater impact on reducing carbon emissions than planting trees.

So argues a new report from the Marine Conservation Society and Rewilding Britain, which outlines the importance of the UK’s seas in helping the country to reach its goal of net zero by 2050.

Examples of aquaculture-related projects that are helping to achieve this which are cited in the report include a native oyster restoration project in the Dornoch Firth and an initiative that combines the production of kelp and bivalves.

Rebecca Wrigley, Rewilding Britain’s chief executive, said: "We’re calling for the rewilding and protection of at least 30 percent of Britain’s seas by 2030. Allowing a rich rainbow of underwater habitats and their sealife to recover offers huge opportunities for tackling the nature and climate crises, and for benefiting people’s livelihoods,”

“From Dornoch Firth to Lyme Bay, inspiring projects are leading the way by restoring critically important seagrass meadows, kelp forests and oyster beds. Combined with the exclusion of bottom towed trawling and dredging, such initiatives offer hope and a blueprint for bringing our precious seas back to health.”

Blue Carbon – Ocean-based solutions to fight the climate crisis

“The significant role of the world’s forests in helping to reduce carbon emissions has been formally recognised through numerous initiatives and reforesting projects intended to keep carbon locked into the world’s forests on land. Unfortunately, equivalent solutions in the ocean are often overlooked. In order to reach its goal of net zero by 2050, the UK must look to blue carbon solutions in tandem with those on land,” the report suggests.

What is blue carbon?

Marine ecosystems like seagrass meadows, saltmarshes and mangroves absorb carbon from the water and atmosphere. The storage of this “blue carbon” can be in the plants themselves, like seaweed and seagrass; in the seafloor sediment where plants are rooted; or even in the animals which live in the water, including seabirds, fish and larger mammals. Blue carbon is simply carbon absorbed from the water and atmosphere stored in the world’s blue spaces.

Dr Chris Tuckett, director of programmes at the Marine Conservation Society, said: “Carbon contained in marine and coastal ecosystems must be considered in the same way as our woodlands and peatbogs… critical to the UK’s carbon strategy. Our report outlines how vital blue carbon solutions are to an effective strategy which reaches net zero by 2050.

“We’re calling on the UK Government and devolved administrations to act with urgency to invest in, co-develop and implement a four nation Blue Carbon Strategy.”

The suggested strategy focuses on three key action areas:

  • Scaling up marine rewilding for biodiversity and blue carbon benefits
  • Integrating blue carbon protection and recovery into climate mitigation and environmental management policies
  • Working with the private sector to develop and support sustainable and innovative low-carbon commercial fisheries and aquaculture.

Later this year, the UK will be hosting COP26 - the UN Climate Change Conference – in Glasgow. The conference brings together world leaders to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The ocean and its blue carbon stores are a crucial part of the many urgent and varied solutions required to address the climate crisis.

The UK has committed to significantly increase its spending on nature-based solutions, including those offered by the ocean. The Marine Conservation Society and Rewilding Britain are calling on UK governments to adopt ocean-based solutions at pace and scale by 2030.

The report, Blue Carbon – Ocean-based solutions to fight the climate crisis, is available to read at the Marine Conservation Society’s website