Introduced into the southeast Atlantic through the US aquarium trade in the 1980s, lionfish have been spotted as far north as southern New England and are firmly established in a range from North Carolina to South America, including the Gulf of Mexico. Lionfish, which are considered an aggressive threat to native fish populations throughout their range, have recently expanded throughout most of the Caribbean in a time span of less than five years.
“Lionfish may prove to be one of the greatest threats of this century to tropical Atlantic reefs,” said NOAA ecologist James Morris, Ph.D.
“As the first reef fish invasive species to this region, lionfish have clearly demonstrated the vulnerability of Atlantic reefs to marine invasions. With the lionfish web portal, coastal managers, scientists, and the public can work together to manage and better understand the lionfish and its economic and ecological impacts.”
The Invasive Lionfish Web Portal provides scientifically accurate information for coastal managers, educators and the public on the lionfish invasion and its impacts by providing training videos, fact sheets, examples of management plans, and guidelines for monitoring. The authors of the web portal include NOAA scientists and policy experts, non-profit environmental groups, academic scientists, and coastal managers from the Southeast US, Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico who together bring decades of experience fighting the lionfish invasion.
One of the new site’s special features is an interactive front page that includes live Twitter (#lionfish), Flickr, YouTube, and Google news feeds, image and video contests, a lionfish distribution map, and a lionfish discussion forum designed to promote discussion and inquiry.
“The lionfish web portal was built to bring together scientists and coastal managers to share information and gather resources,” said GCFI’s executive director Bob Glazer.
“We are confident that we can control lionfish in many places such as marine protected areas, sanctuaries, and other conservation areas if the many strategies and tools provided on the lionfish web portal are used.”
Invasive lionfish continue to cause ecological damage along temperate and tropical reefs from North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean islands to the Atlantic coast of South America.
Coastal managers are working to catch and control lionfish in some conservation areas using methods such as adopt-a-reef programs, paid or volunteer removal efforts, fishing derbies, and commercial harvesting of lionfish as a food fish or for other end uses including the aquarium or jewelry trades.
This project was funded by the US Department of State’s Office of Conservation and Water. Collaborating partners include NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), GCFI, REEF, the International Coral Reef Initiative, and Oregon State University.