Aquaculture for all

Booming Brazilian Fisheries Sector

Economics Politics +2 more

BRAZIL - The consumption and sales of fisheries is growing around 15 per cent a year in Brazil. The target is to increase the production from 1.05 million tonnes to 1.43 million tonnes up until 2011.

Minister Altemir Gregolin, of the Special Secretariat for Aquaculture and Fisheries, considered the fishery sector balance positive this year. In an interview to Agência Brasil, he pointed out two indices to prove this evaluation: greater consumption and sales (around 15 per cent a year) of fishery products in supermarkets over the last three years and the rebirth of the fishing industry in the country.

According to Gregolin, this year, 35 per cent of the Ministry of Agriculture federal inspection services for the construciton of new industral plants were in the fishery sector. "This had not happen for at least 20 years. That is, the moment is very positive, it is favourable, the government bets on that and is investing in the development of fisheries and aquaculture."

"What we need to do, apart from expanding consumption, is to stimulate production."
Minister Altemir Gregolin, of the Special Secretariat for Aquaculture and Fisheries

Gregolin recalled that one of the guidelines of the 2008/2011 Plan for Sustainable Development of Fishery and Aquaculture is the Policy for Territorial Development and Fishery and Aquaculture, launched in November, to stimulate the prospecting and the consumption of fisheries. The target is to increase the national production of fisheries from 1.050 million tonnes to 1.430 million tonnes, and the consumption of fishery from seven kilograms per person per year to nine kilograms per person per year.

The minister said that Brazil, with almost 200 million inhabitants, has enormous potential for expansion of fishery consumption. "We already have fisheries to supply the domestic demand. What we need to do, apart from expanding consumption, is to stimulate production." He explained that the objective is to develop the Brazilian potential, which may be translated into water in abundance, noble species and favourable climate, as well as the government decision to support the sector, which is a source of riches and of generation of income and labour. "That is what we are betting on."

The plan forecasts investment of 1.75 billion Brazilian reals (US$ 748 million) by 2011. This represents a fivefold increase when compared to the period from 2003 to 2007. And the plan also includes the transformation of the secretariat into the Ministry for Fisheries, whose project is in progress at the National Congress. The establishment of the Embrapa Aquaculture and Fisheries is also forecasted.

"We will have a respectful institution developing research in aquaculture, coordinating the national research system. And this establishes conditions for the transformation of the fishery productive chain, as Brazil did when it transformed the beef, pork and chicken productive chains, which are now competitive worldwide."

Gregolin showed certainty that Brazil may soon become a great exporter of fisheries. Shipments should rise from 1 million tonnes to at least 20 million tonnes of fishery products. "This will place Brazil among the main producers of fisheries, alongside China, Peru and Chile," he said. For this, according to the minister, it will be necessary to increase the fishing of deepwater fish, like tuna, and to expand the production of fish products, on land and in the sea, "where Brazil has greater potential".

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