Aquaculture for all

Strong Growth For Shrimp Consumption & Production

Crustaceans Economics +2 more

BRAZIL - The per capita consumption of shrimp in Brazil grew from 0.06 kg in 1999 to 0.402 kg in 2010, representing an increase of 570 per cent. In addition, the shrimp production in 2010 grew over 23 per cent compared to that recorded in 2009.

According to the report "CARCINICULTURA Recuperao Northeastern POS-DA CRISE" prepared by Luciano JF Ximenes, Maria de Fatima Vidal and Rita Ayres Feitosa, after a period of great growth of the shrimp sector, Brazil has faced a severe crisis since 2004.

According to the report the main factors that led to the crisis were the presence of disease INMV and anti-dumping tax imposed on US exports from Brazil in 2003 , after the excessive rainfall this end of the decade, reducing prices and growing choice of Litopenaeus vannamei by Asian countries.

The impact on Brazil was that shrimp exports were unfeasible. At present, the report said, the industry has directed almost all their output to domestic market, which in 2010 accounted for 97.1 per cent of national production.

This increased supply was accompanied by a reduction in price, causing a change in the profile of domestic consumption. According to the report, per capita consumption of shrimp in Brazil grew from 0.06 kg in 1999 to 0.402 kg in 2010.

On the other hand, the report indicates that domestic price changes for international and Brazilian shrimp during the period January 2000 to December 2005 was due to: a) The entry of Brazil into the international arena b) Successive reductions in domestic and international prices c) Incorporation of new production areas d) Adoption Successful technology packages e) Government measures to encourage exports f) Impairment of Real, returning to the Brazilian shrimp more competitive with other countries

Most of the shrimp consumed domestically is absorbed by the "institutional market" composed of bars, restaurants and hotels, being supplied mainly by the fishing industry.