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FDA Need Stricter Mercury Protections

Food safety & handling Politics +2 more

US - Environmental and consumer organisations have filed a legal petition, asking the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to implement stricter regulations to protect women, children and people, who eat fish, from mercury in seafood.

The petition seeks a requirement that seafood sellers post warning signs about the danger of mercury in fish and seeks more stringent mercury limits in commercially caught fish.

At present, the FDA advises that women of childbearing age and young children should not eat swordfish and should limit their consumption of tuna due to high mercury levels. However, the FDA does not require the warning to be posted by seafood sellers. It has also admitted that it tests less than one per cent of seafood for mercury levels.

Mercury contamination of seafood is a widespread public-health problem. Mercury ingestion can lead to memory loss, developmental and learning disorders, vision loss, heart disease and, rarely, death.

The petition ( was filed by Attorney Prof. Deborah A. Sivas, Director of the Stanford Law School Environmental Law Clinic on behalf of, a project of the non-profit organisation Turtle Island Restoration Network and the Center for Biological Diversity.

Thirteen public health and environmental organisations have come out in support of the actions requested in the petition.

“The FDA has been negligent for far too long in protecting the public from the dangers of mercury in fish,” said Buffy Martin Tarbox of

“Americans, especially women and children, are being put in harm’s way by the FDA’s lack of enforcement and testing of our nations seafood supply.”

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, the number-one source of mercury exposure in the US is from contaminated seafood. A recent study found over one-third of mercury exposure is from the consumption of tuna.

“Swordfish and many types of tuna contain hazardous levels of mercury, yet the government has failed to take action and still allows the sale of high-mercury seafood,” said Miyoko Sakashita, Director of the oceans programme at the Center for Biological Diversity.

The petition asks the FDA to review and update mercury standards and policies to include lowering the allowable mercury level of one part per million (ppm) to 0.5 ppm to be in line with the EPA’s mercury action level. Conservation groups also asked the FDA to require seafood retailers to post mercury-in-fish advisories wherever seafood is sold.

Further Reading

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