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Pharmaceutical Use Has No Impact On Seafood Safety

Salmonids Health Food safety & handling +3 more

NORWAY - A surveillance of pharmaceuticals used in fish farming in 2009 has been published by the National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES).

Analysis of pharmaceuticals used for farmed fish in 2009 did not reveal residues of illegally used pharmaceuticals, or levels of legally used pharmaceuticals above the set limits, according to a report from the National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES). The surveillance therefore shows that the use of pharmaceuticals for fish farming has not affected seafood safety.

The use of pharmaceuticals for fish farming

The statistics of pharmaceuticals used for fish farming during 2009, was recently published by the National Institute of Public Health, reports NIFES. This statistics shows a weak increase in the use of pharmaceuticals against bacterial infections, while the amount of agents used for fungal infections and internal parasites is somewhat decreased, compared to last year.

The statistics also shows an increase is in the use of delousing agents, where the amounts used in 2009 was over five tonnes (calculated as active component).

Of the de-lousing agents, azametifos, diflubenzuron and teflubenzuron which are used in largest amounts. In addition, hydrogen peroxide is used to remove louse from fish. All substances are approved for use in farming.

Analysis of pharmaceuticals in fish

In 2009, NIFES analysed around 9,000 samples from fish for a variety of different substances. For delousing agents, 725 fish was analysed, and 145 fish was examined for residues of diflubenzuron and teflubenzuron. The surveillance did not reveal any use of illegal substances or residues of legally used substances above the internationally set limits.

The use of pharmaceuticals for farmed fish did not affect seafood safety, even though the use of some pharmaceuticals was higher in 2009 than in 2008.

Surveillance system for pharmaceuticals

In the interest of maintaining food safety, farmed fish for consumption is analysed for pharmaceuticals, both legally used pharmaceuticals and illegal substances. Norway has a surveillance system according to international legislation, initiated in accordance with the EU-directive 96/23 for the surveillance of foods of animal origin, including farmed fish. The system includes registration of prescriptions for pharmaceuticals used for animals, establishing withdrawal periods to ensure that fish is only slaughtered after a pre-set time after medication and analytical examination of fish for residues of pharmaceuticals. The number of samples which should be analysed is determined by the production volume of farmed fish as well as the use of pharmaceuticals.

The Norwegian Food Safety Authority is responsible for implementing the directive in Norway and NIFES performs the chemical analyses and risk assessment. The system is monitored on a regular basis by the EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA). The results from the surveillance program is published in publicly available reports by NIFES.