"On 1 November 2012 Norway denounced the international fisheries agreement of 1986 with the EU for the Skagerrak. Since Norway has a landing obligation for all catches, we need these new rules - but we also need them because the practice of discards is irresponsible," said Werner Kuhn (EPP, DE) after the vote.
Under the discard ban, fishing vessels would be obliged to land all caught fish in order to halt "discards" – the practice of throwing fish back into the sea, usually because they are of an unwanted species or size. Most discarded fish die, which is wasteful and aggravates overfishing.
EU Fisheries Commissioner, Maria Damanaki, welcomed the European Parliament vote, saying: "Stopping the wasteful practice of discarding edible fish is one of the key elements of the reform of the EU Common Fisheries Policy. The support that the European Parliament is giving to the proposal that the Commission tabled last summer for a discard ban in the Skaggerak is important as it helps us to convince those who still question the feasibility of a discard ban within a precise timeframe."
Remote monitoring by CCTV
To enforce the discard ban, member states would be required to set up a remote electronic monitoring system to supervise fishing in the Skagerrak, which is bound by Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
For the system to work, boats over 12 metres long would have to be equipped with closed circuit TV (CCTV), GPS and transmitting equipment.
Financial aid for this should be granted from the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, say MEPs, who also insist that the system should be automated and use image recognition software for better data protection.
Plans to ban discards in all EU waters were backed by Parliament in a vote on the new Common Fisheries Policy in February. Experience in the Skagerrak should provide useful lessons for this.
As a previous international agreement on fishing in the Skagerrak no longer applies, boats must abide by the rules of the state in whose territorial waters they are fishing. Harmonising the relevant EU and Norwegian laws should facilitate compliance.
The new measures will apply to all EU member states which have fishing rights in the EU part of the Skagerrak, i.e. boats from Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, as well as Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
European Parliament negotiators will now discuss the proposal with the member states in order to reach an agreement.