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New Technology Helps Understanding of What's Going on Inside Fish

Salmonids Sustainability Education & academia +1 more

New microscope technology can portray fish in a new light, through a mix of biology, handicraft and art. This can help researchers understand whats going on inside the fish.

Lucy Towers thumbnail

This is a handicraft, not research, says Jacob Torgersen.

Hes a researcher at Nofima in s, outside of Oslo, and his daily work involves taking pictures of infinitesimal bits of salmon and other fish. These can be cells, proteins, fat tissue and any other parts.

This can help researchers understand whats going on inside the fish.

For instance, it can help them ascertain what makes fish grow faster or taste better.

A toolbox

Mr Torgersen and his colleagues at the Norwegian food research institute are problem solvers attempting to find out how to see various changes in the fish.

Microscopes enable us to get inside a fish and see what kind of cells it has, what they do, and relevantly how they change if we alter their conditions, he says.

Mr Torgersen, whos actually a molecular biologist, says he sometimes feels like more of a craftsman.

All sorts of problems are presented to us, so I have to know which tools in my toolbox can be used for any given question, he explains.

If you look closer at a salmon, it isnt easy to discern between one bit of cell and another. A solution is to colour the different parts with separate hues.

Tissue isnt homogenous. It consists of all kinds of different cells and varieties of tissue, he says.

How do I tint just this one type of cell so it, and only it, turns pink? Whats the best technique for revealing the connection between this protein and the blood cells around it? These are the sort of quandaries I deal with.

Mournful mitochondria

A fish intestine is caught by the camera.

The food passes by, then it goes into the nook, where it is absorbed and transported inwards.

Another of Mr Torgersens images shows a sick mitochondrion, an infirm version of one of the cells power plants, where the energy the cell needs to survive comes from the food the salmon eats. A salmon mitochondrion should be round and compact but these have become elongated, almost like spaghetti.

Salmon in Norway are nearly vegetarians because the feed they're given consists mainly of plant fatty acids. Weve coloured the mitochondria in the cells here and then given them plant fatty acids to see how it affects the quality and health of the fish, he says.

When they stretch out like this its an indication that the cell isnt quite happy.

This is fun; its biology and a skilled craft and to some extent its also art, says the researcher.

October 2012