Aquaculture for all

New Report Shows Pacific Bluefin Tuna Population Down 96.4 per cent

Tuna Sustainability Economics +3 more

GLOBAL - Just three days after a single Pacific bluefin tuna fetched a jaw-dropping $1.76 million at a fish auction in Tokyo, Japan, scientists released a new stock assessment for this speciesand the findings are shocking. According to the report, the Pacific bluefin population has dropped 96.4 per cent from un-fished levels due to decades of overfishing.

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These new data show that the population of Pacific bluefin is a small fraction of what it used to be, and is in danger of all but disappearing, said Amanda Nickson, who directs global tuna conservation at the Pew Environment Group.

Despite these findings, countries are still fishing for Pacific bluefin tuna in its only known spawning and nursery areas in the western Pacific Ocean. The current management measures in the western Pacific do not limit overall catches and fail to ensure the long-term sustainability of this fishery.

Slightly better management exists in the eastern Pacific. At its annual meeting last June, the body responsible for managing Pacific bluefin off the west coast of the Americas, adopted the first catch limits for this species. This conservation measure caused the fishery to close earlier than planned when the limit was exceeded in August. While those actions were encouraging, they are not nearly enough.

"The population of Pacific bluefin tuna is a small fraction of what it used to be, and is in danger of all but disappearing," said Amanda Nickson, Director, Global Tuna Conservation Campaign.

The Pew Environment Group believes the most responsible course of action is to immediately suspend the fishery until significant steps are taken to reverse this decline, said Ms Nickson.

This latest assessment shows just how bad the situation really is for this top predator, said Ms Nickson. This highly valuable fish is being exploited at almost every stage of its life cycle, and more than 90 per cent of Pacific bluefin caught are juveniles, taken before they have reproduced. Further, fishing continues on the spawning grounds of this heavily overfished species.

We call on the major countries fishing this speciesJapan, Mexico, South Korea, and the United Statesto immediately take necessary conservation and management actions for Pacific bluefin, said Ms Nickson.

Measures needed include science-based catch limits, and major reductions in the catches of juvenile bluefin by implementing size limits across the Pacific and preventing fishing on bluefin spawning grounds. Robust monitoring and enforcement measures must also be implemented to ensure that the rules are followed.

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