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Latin America Counteracts Effects of Climate Change on Fisheries, Aquaculture

Sustainability Politics

GLOBAL - Redirection of public policies made by Latin American governments, to address the effects of global climate change, can address the challenges and opportunities of the production schemes and sustainability of the region, said the coordinator of the Management Unit Nicaraguan Institute for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture (INPESCA), Elba Zeledon Segura, reports SAGARPA.

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At the "Second Economic Forum Fisheries and Aquaculture; Commemorating the Day World Food" it was noted that fisheries and aquaculture can contribute significantly to food security and improve living conditions.

Dealing with the effects of climate change is an issue that requires active participation of all. Given this scenario, Nicaragua stated that it performs a scheme on dealing with climate change in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors.

The meeting, organised by the National Commission of Aquaculture and Fisheries (CONAPESCA), explained that the experience of the initiation include initiatives and ecological farming practices for the conservation and protection of freshwater bodies nationwide.

It also includes water harvesting for small ponds and other uses, organisation and legalisation of artisanal fisheries and aquaculture unions at national level capacity building in artisanal fishermen by the "Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries", the creation of the Ministry of Economics, Community, and Cooperative Associations, and the coordinated efforts of various entities in the same guidelines to climate change, he added.

In recounting the experiences of Guatemala adoption of innovations in climate change, the Director of Fisheries Management Regulations for Fisheries and Aquaculture, Francisco Marn Carlos Arriola, said that the country launched the placement of artificial reefs, representing a management tool that allows resources and ecosystems for fisheries to be protected.

It will also reduce the mortality of juveniles before reproduction, providing power for certain species, and makes possible the survival of breeding adults in new areas, which will help to improve the management of these resources.

These structures have allowed the Central American nation to form additional fishing areas for the handicraft sector, increasing production and generating new jobs.