From water to table, seafood must adhere to the following regulations:
- US. FDA Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point, which puts in place strict actions to prevent safety hazards.
- Current Good Manufacturing Practices, which address issues including personal hygiene among workers, sanitary processing plants and clean water sources.
- The Centre for Veterinary Medicine of the FDA, which approves the medical treatments and drugs that can be used in aquaculture operations.
Seafood may also be regulated through:
- Best Aquaculture Practices, which certify social, environmental and food safety standards at shrimp farms worldwide.
- US Department of Commerce — Seafood Inspection Program, which provides voluntary inspection on fishing boats, in processing plants and at retail.
Ms Blakistone says that many seafood importers from the US also visit overseas suppliers - both farms and processing plants - to ensure that their trading partners are following US food laws.
"As seafood demand grows, due to its overwhelming health benefits, global trade will continue to be a safe and vital method of providing a variety of seafood to consumers," she says.