In CY 2005, total EU imports of fish, crustaceans and mollusks amounted to 4.4 million MT, a 5% increase in terms of volume compared to 2004. As a result of the near depletion of certain EU fishery stocks and the reduced annual catch quotas, the EU is becoming increasingly dependent on imports from third countries for its processing industry. In CY 2005, non-processed fishery products accounted for 84% of total EU imports of fish and fishery products.
In terms of volume, 5.4% of total CY 2005 EU imports of fish, crustaceans and mollusks came from the United States (5.8% in CY 2004). The EU imported 240,615 MT of fish and fishery products from the United States, with a value of EUR 669 million. “Fish fillets and other fish meat” (HS code 0304) accounted for 25% of total EU imports. The U.S. market share in this particular category is 12%.
In March 2006, the EU published Commission Decision 2006/199/EC, laying down specific conditions for imports of fishery products from the United States. Annex I to Decision 2006/199/EC establishes the model health certificate that U.S. exporters have to use for fishery products; Annex II lists the establishments that have been approved for export to the EU. This decision will facilitate trade between the United States and the EU.
Also in March 2006, the EU published Council Regulation 711/2006, which establishes amended duty rates and new quotas for certain products to compensate the United States for tariff increases that the EU implemented as a result of enlargement. The EU agreed to permanently reduce the tariffs on frozen fillets of hake (6.1% instead of 7.5%), frozen fillets of Alaska Pollack (14.2% instead of 15%) and surimi (14.2% instead of 15%).
Section I: Situation and Outlook
Production – General
EU Fish Catches
In 2004, the EU-25 aquaculture sector represented 18.8% of the total fisheries production. The main activities in EU aquaculture are sea fish farming, marine shellfish farming and fish farming in fresh water. In 2004, 45% of the total EU-25 aquaculture production was of fish and 55% of mollusks. 78% of aquaculture species were produced in marine waters: 63% from the Atlantic and 15% from the Mediterranean. Inland waters accounted for 22% of the production.
In 2004, aquaculture in the EU-15 represented 95% of total EU-25 production, with Spain (26%), France (18%), U.K. (15%) and Italy (9%) being the major contributors. Main species produced in the EU-25 are mussels and oysters, salmon, rainbow trout, seabream and common carp. Over 99% of the aquaculture production in the 10 new member states is of fish, mainly carp and trout.
Aquaculture – EU Financial Support
Aquaculture, inland fishing, processing and marketing of fisheries and aquaculture products is one of the five target priority areas of the new European Fisheries Fund for the period 2007-2013. The following measures in aquaculture production will be eligible for EU financial support:
- Productive investments in aquaculture: diversification towards new species, production of species with good market prospects, support to traditional aquaculture, purchase of equipment to protect farms from natural predators.
- Aqua-environmental measures: environmentally friendly farming, participation in the EU’s voluntary Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS), and organic farming.
- Public health measures: compensation to mollusk farmers in cases of certain contaminations.
- Animal health measures: aid for control and eradication of diseases.
Aquaculture – Introduction of Non-Native Species
In April 2006, the European Commission tabled a proposal to regulate the introduction of non-native species in aquaculture through a permit system at national level. A large portion of current EU aquaculture practices is based on non-native or alien species such as rainbow trout, Pacific oyster or carp. As aquaculture is a fast-growing industry where innovation and new outlets are being explored, it is very likely that new species will continue to be introduced in order to satisfy the needs of the market. However, in some cases, the introduction of alien species can have an adverse effect on ecosystems and cause significant loss of biodiversity. Under the proposed new rules, all projects to introduce an alien species would have to be submitted for approval to a national advisory committee, which would determine whether the proposed introduction was “routine” or “non-routine.” In the case of “non-routine” introductions, an environmental risk assessment would have to be carried out. Only low-risk introductions would be granted a permit. For medium or high-risk introductions, operators would need to prove the availability of adequate mitigation procedures or technologies, which could reduce the risk to an adequately low level. The proposal also sets out a number of requirements concerning contingency plans, monitoring procedures and the keeping of national registers. The proposal was notified to the WTO (notification G/TBT/N/EEC/110) on June 2, 2006.
Aquaculture – Health of Farmed Fish and Shellfish
In October 2006, the Council adopted new rules - Directive 2006/88/EC – on the health of farmed fish and shellfish and disease control in the aquaculture sector. The new directive repeals the rules that were previously laid down in three different directives (91/67/EEC, 93/53/EEC and 95/70/EC) and introduces a series of new measures, including more emphasis on disease prevention by applying stricter controls at each point in the production chain. Chapter IV of Directive 2006/88/EC sets the general requirements for the introduction of aquaculture animals into the EU from third countries. An animal health certificate must accompany all consignments of aquaculture animals, and products thereof.
|TOTAL AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION BY MEMBER STATE
|CY 2003||CY 2004|
|Belgium||1 010||1 200|
|Denmark||32 187||42 252|
|Germany||74 280||57 233|
|Greece||101 209||97 068|
|Spain||313 288||363 181|
|France||245 846||243 907|
|Ireland||62 516||58 359|
|Italy||191 662||117 786|
|Netherlands||67 025||78 925|
|Austria||2 233||2 267|
|Portugal||7 829||6 700|
|Finland||13 335||12 821|
|Sweden||6 334||5 989|
|United Kingdom||181 837||207 203|
|Total EU-15||1 300 591||1 294 891|
|Czech Rep.||19 670||19 384|
|Cyprus||1 821||2 425|
|Lithuania||2 356||2 697|
|Hungary||11 870||12 744|
|Poland||34 526||35 258|
|Slovenia||1 353||1 599|
|Slovak Rep.||881||1 180|
|EU-25||1 374 958||1 317 813|
|EU-25 AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION - MAJOR SPECIES|
|Belgium||Rainbow trout and common carp|
|Czech Republic||Common carp and bighead carp|
|Denmark||Rainbow trout and European eel|
|Germany||Rainbow trout and common carp|
|Estonia||Rainbow trout and common carp|
|Greece||Gilthead seabream and Mediterranean mussel|
|Spain||Blue mussel and rainbow trout|
|France||Pacific cupped oyster and blue mussel|
|Ireland||Blue mussel and Atlantic salmon|
|Italy||Mediterranean mussel and rainbow trout|
|Cyprus||Gilthead seabream and European seabass|
|Hungary||Common carp and silver carp|
|Malta||Gilthead seabream and European seabass|
|Netherlands||Blue mussel and European eel|
|Austria||Rainbow trout and common carp|
|Poland||Common carp and rainbow trout|
|Portugal||Grooved carpet shell and gilthead seabream|
|Slovenia||Rainbow trout and common carp|
|Slovakia||Rainbow trout and common carp|
|Finland||Rainbow trout and European whitefish|
|Sweden||Rainbow trout and blue mussel|
|U.K.||Atlantic salmon and blue mussel|
|EU-10||Common carp: 62% of total production
Rainbow trout: 23% of total production
|EU-15||Blue mussel: 39% of total production
Rainbow trout: 15% of total production
|EU-25||Blue mussel: 36% of total production
Rainbow trout: 16% of total production
Further InformationTo read the full document, please click here
List of Articles in this seriesTo view our complete list of 2007 Fishery Products Shrimp Annual reports, please click here